Citation & Plagiarism
Citation & Plagiarism Definitions
Citation means crediting information and ideas that you used in your research and writing.
Citations tell your readers about the source of your information - where you found it and who originally said or wrote it.
In addition to giving credit to the source, your citation allows your readers to find and investigate your sources.
Plagiarism is defined as using, closely imitating, or passing off the ideas and words of others as your own.
Even if your plagiarism of another’s work is unintentional, it still is considered theft and a breach of academic integrity.
Most plagiarism can be avoided by citing your sources and using your own words.
AVOIDING PLAGIARISM in 2 steps (you must do BOTH):
Rewrite (paraphrase) ideas from the source by changing words AND sentence structure, or providing a direct quotation.
Give credit to the author/source (you must do this even if you paraphrase or summarize).
MyBib (many citation styles, including MLA, APA, and Chicago styles)
NoodleTools (MLA, APA, and Chicago styles)
Notetaking & Avoiding Plagiarism (slides & handouts)
MLA Citation Help / Examples
MLA GENERAL HELP
Citation Examples: Book, film, website, government publication, tweet, email, etc. (Michigan University)
Citation Examples: PDF, interview, speech, conference, TV show, song, podcast, etc. (Purdue OWL)
MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics (Purdue OWL)
MLA Sample Papers with in-text citations and Works Cited
Footnotes & in-Text Citation (4 slides)
MLA SPECIAL SOURCE TYPES
Cite a PRIMARY SOURCE reprinted in another source
Citing Primary Sources: Animation
Legal & Legislative Sources:
APA & Chicago Style Citation Help
APA GENERAL HELP
APA 7 Style: Quick Guide from CSUDH
APA 7 Style: More Examples and Tutorials from CSUDH
CHICAGO STYLE GENERAL HELP
Chicago Manual of Style 17: Guide from St. Catherine University